OECD Delegate Alasdair Cannon featured in the Australian Institute for International Affairs Fresh Perspectives

Alasdair Cannon attended the OECD Forum in Paris, representing QUT Business School and his article entitled, 'Fair and Free: The future of trade liberalisation,' was featured in the Australian Institute for International Affairs Fresh Perspectives. Read it here or copy the following URL into your browser: http://www.internationalaffairs.org.au/australian_outlook/fair-and-free-the-future-of-trade-liberalisation/

OECD Forum Wrap Up: Day 4

Alasdair Cannon, QUT Business School

Waking up this morning signalled a bit of a sad note to our tired minds: our time in Paris was officially drawing to a close. Having completed all our scheduled meetings at the OECD Headquarters, we instead made our way to the Australian Embassy. Located close to the Eiffel Tower (seriously, what a view!), the Embassy holds the Australian Permanent Delegation to UNESCO. Sitting in a beautiful conference room (courtesy of Harry Seidler, the classic Australian modernist architect), we met with the Australian Ambassador to UNESCO and Deputy Head of Mission at the Paris Embassy, H. E. Mr Angus Mackenzie. The next hour was spent discussing the details of UNESCO’s work, covering topics such as UNESCO’s World Heritage project and other matters of international concern. Following this, we were treated to a short-tour of UNESCO, which includes a mural designed by Picasso.

Australian Ambassador to UNESCO and Deputy Head of Mission at the Paris Embassy, H. E. Mr Angus Mackenzie.

Australian Ambassador to UNESCO and Deputy Head of Mission at the Paris Embassy, H. E. Mr Angus Mackenzie.

Et, c’est tout: our Global Voices delegation was officially over. We said our goodbyes, and went our separate ways, with some returning to Australia, and others staying on to further explore Paris and Europe. It feels reductive to try to sum the trip up succinctly: the intensity, quality, and depth of the delegation were like nothing else any of us have experienced.

Never before had we met with so many interesting and important people in the international political sphere. From them we gained insight, knowledge and connections that no amount of ordinary university education can offer.

Ultimately, Global Voices truly delivered a formative experience for everyone involved, and I think that all of us have come away with refined and more mature interests in our various fields of study.

OECD Forum Wrap Up: Day 3

Ben Burgess, University of Melbourne Faculty of Business and Economics

With the official OECD forum officially over, day three provided the delegation with the chance to reflect on the policies issues discussed over the past few days and the opportunity to meet with some senior members of the OECD.

In the morning our first meeting was with Mr David Bradbury, Head of the Tax Policy and Statistic division for the OECD.  We discussed the changing role of tax reform in an increasingly globalised and digitised world. Given the decentralisation of markets and the emergence of crypto currency, it was fascinating to discuss how tax reform needs to change to accommodate for the future.

We were fortunate to meet someone who had previously worked within the Australian government as Assistant Treasury, now working at a global organisation within Europe. It was great to meet an Australian who has been shaping policy in different forms.

Mr David Bradbury, Head of the Tax Policy and Statistic division for the OECD.

Mr David Bradbury, Head of the Tax Policy and Statistic division for the OECD.

After this, we were lucky enough to meet another Australian politician, Mr Brian Pontifex, Australian Ambassador and permanent representative to the OECD. Like Mr Bradbury, Mr Pontifex had previously worked within Australian politics, as Chief of Staff to the Hon. Colin Barnett and it was intriguing to discuss how his roles have changed over his career. Mr. Pontifex had just arrived from a long day of ministerial meetings and provided us with an insight into the intricacies of how decisions at the OECD are made. The ministerial meetings that Mr Pontifex discussed were a significant part of the OECD week for policymakers and it was great to be able to discuss how topics being debated at the forum were also being implemented in policy meetings.

Our final meeting for the day was with Mr Andrew Wyckoff, Director for Science, Technology and Innovation. Mr Andrew’s department, specialising in technology and innovation, played an important role in this year’s OECD forum as issues such as the impact of technology on the workforce, Artificial Intelligence and the opportunities and threats of globalisation were debated.

Mr Brian Pontifex, Australian Ambassador and permanent representative to the OECD

Mr Brian Pontifex, Australian Ambassador and permanent representative to the OECD

As well discussing these issues in length, Mr Wyckoff asked for our input into ways in which the OECD can communicate its work and deliver key messages to the younger population. As many of our research topics touched on areas of technology and innovation, we were fortunate to be able to debate our findings with Mr Wyckoff and discuss potential solutions to these pressing problems.

Thursday was a fantastic day. The diverse range of topics discussed and rich insights gained from such different and experienced individuals inspired and energised the delegation.

Later that evening, the team ventured to Sacré-Cœur Basilica together, enjoying the splendid views of Paris offered from the site. The team also shared its last team dinner, which included the consumption of frog’s legs!

When in Paris...

OECD Forum Wrap Up: Day 2

Sophie Levy, UNSW Co-op Program scholar

As we finished our croissants and walked to day two of the OECD Forum, we reflected on the previous day and how much we had learnt and gained from the meetings, talks and debates.

The first talk of the day was a fascinating presentation by Bruce Stokes, Director at the Pew Research Centre. His presentation covered the opinions of OECD attendees on the current and future state of global economies, comparing these views to surveys from the public. This session provided a valuable insight into the views of different countries when asked the question, ‘Do you think your children, when they grow up, will be worse off financially than their parents?’ An overwhelming response of ‘yes’ was shared amongst the audience attendees, many of whom attributed this to housing affordability, job security, an uncertain digital economy, poor wage growth and the question of a reliable social safety net.

With this great start to the day, we were engaged, excited and (with a little bit of coffee) fully prepared for the day ahead. We then attended the Ministerial Council Meeting Chair Keynote speech where we heard from Angel Gurria, Secretary General of the OECD, and Prime Minister Rasmussen of Denmark. Both speakers discussed the changing attitudes towards globalisation and free trade, stressing the importance of ‘making globalisation work, better lives for all’. Secretary General Gurria acknowledged that this rise of protectionism has resulted from many middle-income citizens being ‘left behind’, and focused on inclusive growth and putting wellbeing at front and centre of economic objectives.

The 2017 Economic Outlook, presented by OECD Chief Economist, Catherine L Mann provided valuable insights into increasing income inequality and poor real wage growth despite increasing confidence and global trade stimulus from China. The outlook reinforced the need for an integrated policy approach to making globalisation work for all.

A great morning was followed by an even better afternoon where we had meeting Andreas Schall, Global Relations Secretariat at the OECD and Tim Costello. Andreas provided an overview of his role as Global Relations Secretariat and gave us an insight into the way in which the OECD manages relations with non-OECD countries. We learnt about the challenges that face all countries and about the structure of the OECD and the way in which countries are accepted into the OECD body. We had a great opportunity to ask questions about the relationship between the OECD and the G20 and the way in which the OECD engages in discussion with various countries

Our final meeting of the day was with Tim Costello. In an intimate conversation amidst the gardens of the OECD, we discussed Australia’s position in the OECD context and focused on our core Australian values. Our conversation involved globalisation, multiculturalism and the effects of the digital economy on our position as Australians and our values. This new perspective was extremely valuable as it enhanced our understanding of where we stand, as Australians, among the EU, US and Asia, amidst this changing global economy.

DELEGATES MEET WITH TIM COSTELLO

DELEGATES MEET WITH TIM COSTELLO

The last session of the day involved a discussion about the UN Sustainable Development Goals and whether they could be financed, as desired by the 2030 agenda. This conversation was particularly relevant to my policy paper which looks at the use of public private partnerships in emerging economies. Ulla Tornaes, Denmark’s Minister for Cooperation and Development, stressed the importance of involving the private sector in achieving the SDGs. Other panellists commented on the importance of a strategic guidance of the private sector in achieving many of the SDGs.

Following some networking, we made our way back to the hotel and then onto dinner. After having met the Canadian and New Zealand youth delegates at the forum, we decided to catch up with them under the Eiffel Tour – a truly wonderful way to end the incredible and insightful day.