Beyond Borders: Reconceptualising the Refugee Burden

By Emily Lighezzolo

Emily represented QUT Business School at the 2016 OECD Forum in Paris.  

Abstract

The refugee crisis has gained media attention on a global scale as forced migration has reached unprecedented levels following ongoing armed conflict and human rights abuses worldwide. Policy responses have been splintered across the international community, with both inclusive and exclusive agendas adopted as governments attempt to manage the consequences. While the refugee crisis is usually analysed through a humanitarian framework, an economic perspective is rarely examined. This paper looks to address the macro-economic implications of supportive refugee integration schemes in host countries, with particular focus on Australia. The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) encourages early and supportive intervention policies by host countries to ensure successful integration of refugees and asylum seekers into labour markets. This paper will suggest policy recommendations to reconceptualise refugees as economic opportunities for OECD nations. Australia’s current refugee policies will be examined and compared to other OECD nations (Germany and Sweden) which have exemplary early labour force intervention programs. This is principally relevant with the current focus of the OECD on ‘productive economies and inclusive societies’, which provides a foundation for policy change and a coordinated scheme to alleviate the refugee crisis among OECD nations.

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Y20 Delegate Jacki Molla Published in AIIA Quarterly Access Journal

Jacki Molla was the Griffith University representative on the 2015 Global Voices Y20 delegation to Istanbul.  As part of the Global Voices Research Fellowship Jacki undertook a comparative economic analysis of Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey in the wake of the global refugee crisis. We are proud to announce Jacki's article was recently published in the Australian Institute of International Affairs Quarterly Access journal.

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The Impact of Unilateral Action on BEPS and the Benefits of Waiting

By Madison Ure

Madison attended the 2015 OECD Forum in Paris. 

Abstract

Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS), is defined by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) as “tax planning strategies that exploit gaps and mismatches in tax rules to artificially shift profits to low or no-tax locations where there is little or no economic activity, resulting in little or no overall corporate tax being paid”

Governments around the world are currently looking at ways to address the issue of BEPS, with Australia adopting a leadership position in the push for multinational corporations to pay what is considered to be their fair share of tax. The OECD, through the OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs, is coordinating international multilateral action against BEPS by delivering the BEPS Project.

Corporate tax avoidance has a significant impact on the Australian government and therefore Australia is seeking to act unilaterally on the BEPS issue and implement new legislation prior to the release of the final OECD deliverables.

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