Global Energy Transitions - Rational and innovative solutions

By Jerome De Vera

Jerome represented the University of South Australia at the Y20 China summit.

Abstract

Each of the G20 countries has the responsibility to respond to the climate change crisis and the global energy demand by developing their respective energy industries. Utilising effective transitions in global energy use to help solve these key issues requires technological ingenuity, government compliance, economic viability and public acceptance. The signing of Paris agreement led to many countries pledging to achieve their climate goals in which the energy industry will be front and centre. This paper will explore and address the challenges and opportunities held by the global energy industry to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) and keep lights up in our homes.  The following research will use sources such as scientific papers and policy documents from federal governments and internationally renowned organisations. The findings of this research is expected. Through this paper I hope to highlight the key developments and structural reforms needed to successfully attain these energy objectives.

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Catalysing Australia’s social enterprise sector

By Sam Johnson

Sam represented the UNSW Co-op Scholar program at the 2016 Y20 Summit in China. Sam is studying a Bachelor of Engineering and has worked with Engineers Without Borders. Sam was Australia’s representative for the Poverty Elimination and Joint Development discussions at the Y20.

Abstract 

This paper discusses key policy recommendations to further allow the Australian social enterprise sector to grow and prosper.  Social enterprise is gaining legitimacy as an approach to better solve problems that traditional market based and government approaches have been unable to tackle effectively.  However, despite Australia’s strong potential to be a leader in this area, the Australian social enterprise sector is comparatively undervalued and underdeveloped.  This paper makes two sets of recommendations to strengthen the sector. Firstly, all levels of government need to further incorporate the principles of social procurement into their procurement processes. The paper discusses approaches to this including the inclusion of social benefit causes in traditional contracts and the adoption of legislation similar to the UK Public Services Social Value Act. The second set of recommendations centre on the responsibility of federal government to facilitate access to finance and investment-readying resources for social enterprises through the legislation of a new community company legal form and the creation of an investment fund to catalyse the development of the investment readiness intermediary sector.

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Y20 Delegate Jacki Molla Published in AIIA Quarterly Access Journal

Jacki Molla was the Griffith University representative on the 2015 Global Voices Y20 delegation to Istanbul.  As part of the Global Voices Research Fellowship Jacki undertook a comparative economic analysis of Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey in the wake of the global refugee crisis. We are proud to announce Jacki's article was recently published in the Australian Institute of International Affairs Quarterly Access journal.

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Y20 Delegates Published in Lowy Institute G20 Monitor

Y20 Delegates Published in Lowy Institute G20 Monitor

Global Voices Y20 delegates Lachlan Campbell and Erin Watson-Lynn are joint-contributors in the October issue of the Lowy Institute G20 Monitor. Their paper 'The Y20 2015: The G20 youth perspective' discusses the G20 response to the growing problem of youth unemployment. 

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Reducing Youth Unemployment and Experiences of NEET through Enhancing Opportunities for Youth Entrepreneurship and Innovation

By Krista Flick

Krista represented Central Queensland University at the 2015 Y20 Summit in Turkey.

Recommendations 

  1. Youth unemployment should remain a priority of the G20 Leaders’ Summit in 2015, with a particular focus on the progress of each member’s Employment Plan.
  2. The G20 should recognise the significance of increasing rates of young people neither engaged in employment, nor in education or training (NEET), and take action to create sustainable employment opportunities for young people
  3. The Australian Government should investigate opportunities to encourage young people into entrepreneurship, including through the simplification of administrative and registration procedures associated with business start-ups, the inclusion of elements of entrepreneurship curriculum at all levels of education, facilitating collaborative partnerships between community organisations and private businesses, and reducing financial barriers that restrict young people from starting their own businesses.
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