Intersectionality: Aboriginal Women and Employment

Tara attended the 2017 United Nations Commission on the Status of Women where she represented Charles Darwin University. She is currently studying a Bachelor of Applied Social Science (Indigenous Resource Management & Indigenous Social Policy)

Abstract

Colonisation involved the implementation of an overriding patriarchal system through the intentional dismemberment of traditional Aboriginal economic, political, social, spiritual and ceremonial domains. Aboriginal women have had their land, families and personal autonomy systematically removed by generations of discriminative government policy, whilst simultaneously being blamed for their low socio-economic position in Australian society. This continues to perpetuate the colonial and patriarchal oppression of Aboriginal women inherited by society today.

Aboriginal women are already vulnerable to living in poverty, and to psychological distress associated with these material living conditions. Growing inequality further risks marginalising Aboriginal women by making it more difficult to access health, housing and employment, as well as increasing stigma and diminishing equality of opportunity more generally.

In Central Australia, Aboriginal women commonly experience discrimination in the workplace on two fronts; firstly, based on their Aboriginality and secondly, based on gender. The combination of these intersecting axes disempower Indigenous women to a degree not experienced by white, or ‘racially privileged’ women and cannot be understood by thinking about race or gender in isolation. Intersectionality is the concept of such tension.

This paper aims to explore intersectionality in a post-colonial Australian context and to identify the relationship between social determinants and economic empowerment for Aboriginal women in Central Australia.

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The Development of Rights-Based Sexuality Education Curriculum Using Intersectionality as a Policy Analysis Framework and Pedagogical Tool

By Lamisse Hamouda

Lamisse attended the 2016 UN Commission on the Status of Women in New York. 

Abstract

Despite its wide-ranging impact across the lifetime of most adults, sexuality education in Australian schools remains stagnated within fear-based, health-focused objectives. While goals primed at reducing sexual partners, rates of sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancy have unquestionable merit, there is an additional need to address a range of contextual realities that impact sexuality and sexual choices. It is imperative to extend upon sexuality education through comprehensive programs which provide a legitimate alternative to abstinence-only programs and to develop sexuality-education programs that address the range of socially-constructed phenomena and cultural informed impacts on young people navigating their sexuality. 

Rights-based sexuality programs are moving in the direction of addressing indivisible contextual factors by recognising that human rights, gender equality and the improvement of sexual health are all related to quality sexuality education for young people. To address the complexities of multicultural and multiracial communities, intersectionality has been gaining traction and emerging as a theoretical and operational tool for policy, education and health and social services. Drawing on the Intersectionality Policy-Based Analysis developed by researchers in Canada, intersectional rights-based sexuality education is offered as a possible way forward for sexuality education.

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