Latin America as a model for the provision of renewable energy

Christopher attended the 2012 United Nations Rio+20 Summit where he represented the University of South Australia. Christopher is studying a Bachelor of International Relations & Journalism.


This paper presents Latin America as a model for the developing world to highlight the challenges that developing countries face in providing clean, sustainable access to energy to their most isolated and deprived communities. As the host of the Rio+20 summit and the regional power of Latin America, Brazil was chosen for analysis as it presents both the progress already made in the provision of renewable energy as well as the obstacles which stand in the way of further progress.

This study shows how regional progress and challenges of renewable energy provision are applicable to the wider developing world and how institutions can learn from this to ensure a greater efficiency when working toward renewable energy targets for the future. The following recommendations are the product of this study:

  •   A forum for the exchange of ideas on renewable energy provision between developing nations must be established;

  •   The Brazilian model of using local products and innovation to develop new technology should be adopted by developing states;

  •   Education of local communities regarding sustainable energy access must complement the provision of new energy technology;

  •   Renewed financial commitment by states to render renewable energy options more competitive in the market is encouraging and essential;

  •   An improvement on data gathering must be made to assist developing states in sourcing sustainable energy; and a continued increase in the co-operation between the International Renewable Energy Agency and the UN and its member states will facilitate the reaching of global energy targets.

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