90jours: The innovative smartphone app tackling climate change on a micro-level

Erin Gear, University of South Australia

This year sees the OECD hosting its 20th annual multilateral forum in Paris, which I have so fortunately been able to attend. The OECD is a dynamic intergovernmental organisation comprising of 36 member states that aims to achieve equality and well-being at a global scale by providing the framework to shape better domestic policies.

Highlights from the second day at the OECD Forum included meeting with the Deputy-Secretary General Ulrik Vestergaard-Knudsen in the Chateau, sitting in on discussion panels on the role of media in reinvigorating democracy and achieving the United Nation’s sustainable development goals, as well as meeting with Australian delegate and Deputy Permanent Representative at the OECD, Simon Cramp over lunch.

This year the OECD has placed a particular emphasis on including youth voices in their discussions on preparing for, and safeguarding the future, with twenty-somethings from the likes of Canada, Sweden, Korea, and of course Australia, in attendance. The Forum has been progressive and inclusive between generations, with near equal representation between men and women. This diverse and equitable representation has enabled participants to come together to discuss and produce unbiased and realistic ideas for the future of OECD nation countries.

One aspect of the second day I would like to draw attention to is a session that was not originally on my agenda to attend, but I am so glad I happened upon it. The OECD’s Better Life Index branch hosted a civic innovation hub that provided entrepreneurs with projects in sustainability, equality or inclusivity, a platform to share their work. Elliot Lepers, a digital designer and environmental activist, introduced his enviro-friendly app, 90jours, which challenges and motivates users to practice more sustainable living. Much like the 90-day mindfulness, weight-loss and budgetary challenges we’re all familiar with, 90jours is an app that customises daily eco-friendly challenges based on users’ level of motivation.

More than 600,000 people have already downloaded the app and pledged to take the challenge, which is specifically designed so that users are able to continue practicing their new environmentally sustainable habits. Climate change and the destruction of our environment is an overwhelmingly large and complex issue, and 90jours provides a platform that demystifies it by bringing it to the individual, micro-level, to find solutions in the everyday. The philosophy behind the app is to inform people of better habits for sustainability, and to provide them with the tools to continue on an environmentally-friendly life path. While this app is in French, it has undoubtedly sparked an interest, and English versions are sure to come soon.

In a time of social, economic, political and environmental uncertainty, it has been incredibly uplifting to be able to discuss the direction of the future with innovative, like-minded thinkers at the 2019 OECD Forum.

Reflections from the first two days of the OECD Forum

Stefano Gunawan, University of Melbourne

“The thing that surprised me the most about the growth of the OECD over the last 20 years is how far it’s stretched away from economics. These days we talk about migration, the environment, climate change, jobs, AI; it’s far from being just an economic forum. And in terms of the countries involved, too, the OECD is so open, and even my country too [Peru] is trying hard to get in.”

- a Female OECD attendee in response to the question, ‘What surprises you about the OECD today that wouldn’t have been the case 20 years ago?’

The OECD Forum of 2019 has been a mixed bag. Over two days here, I have attended sessions ranging from Morning Mindfulness and Peace, to Migrants’ Integration, to Artificial Intelligence, to Political Nostalgia and ‘weaponisation of the past’ and so, so many things in between. It has been inspiring, it has been entertaining, and perhaps most importantly, it has been eye-opening. 

In a meeting with the Deputy-Secretary General of the OECD, Mr. Ulrik Vestergaard Knudsen, I put forward the question: “What are the shortfalls of GDP as a measure of wellbeing, and how might that compare to the Bhutanese measure of Gross National Happiness?” In the context of the question I also mention an example put forward by a friend in earlier conversation, that when a car crash happens in society, GDP still goes up, and yet evidently a car crash is not synonymous with increased societal wellbeing. The Deputy Secretary-General responded in kind, “Yes, most certainly, GDP has its shortfalls and it is far, far, far from being an effective measure of wellbeing.”

After some further elaboration, Mr. Ulrik directed my attention to a promising new sector in the OECD, known as NAEC (New Approaches to Economic Challenges). I learn that indeed, people in the OECD are aware of the flaws in our economic measuring system, and know that there must be better ways to track the things that really matter - sense of wellbeing, connectedness to community, satisfaction and fulfilment in life and each own’s life purpose. 

NAEC, admittedly, is just the name of a new OECD department, but for me it touches on perhaps the most important facet of our time: we don’t know how to maximise wellbeing in this crazy and frenetic modern world. We have become swamped by so much digital technology and mass media and smart phone obsession that we just can’t keep up. And yet, in an age characterised (still!) by vast inequality, corruption, climate change, broken systems and mass public distrust, we just can’t afford to waste the time that we presently are; we can’t afford to be measuring things; to be paying attention to things, that don’t actually matter. 

This might sound pessimistic, but it is fair. I think it is for this reason that the range of topics covered at the OECD has been so diverse. It is because we know; everybody knows, that we haven’t figured it out yet. We’re all aware that something needs to change; something big. It’s because of this looming pressure on the great thinkers and actors and policy makers of our time, that this great forum held in Paris each year is so important - it’s because we all need to figure out what to do next.

What’s my takeaway from all this? Keep an open mind, learn new things and stay curious. But perhaps most importantly, in all your efforts to try and make the world a better place, don’t forget to enjoy the process, otherwise you might lose sight of how beautiful life already is. 

What can I do? What can we do? What can we do together?

Renee Cremer, Central Queensland University

From the inspirational greeting, passionately conducted by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría, to the spirited ladies of MM Life Design, the exquisite individuals I have encountered on the first day of the OECD Forum 2019 have been truly unforgettable. This, alongside an array of stimulating meetings certainly has me excited for the days ahead here in Paris.  

The opening session was nothing short of brilliant. “What can I do? What can we do? What can we do together?” were the final words that played on the screen of the opening video and they rang true for the succeeding parts of the day. The key themes were ever present, with the future of work being creatively highlighted at many points of the forum. Looking around the room some areas hosted virtual reality headsets to give surgery demonstrations, while others were packed with Slovakian food stands.

My favourite sessions were the Migration Integration sessions and the Interactive Workshop on the Future of Work and Skills. There was a great sense of hope combined with intelligence in the room of the Migration Integration session. Deputy Mayor of Toronto Ana Bailão truly inspired the policy maker in many around the room. Bailão highlighted the positive language Canadians associate with migrants, from now I will say New Canadians or New Comers, as well as discussed housing and Toronto as a Sanctuary City.

The interactive workshop on the future of work and skills I braved on my own, and boy was I glad I made it! This was the first opportunity I had to work with other forum participants and my group focussed on the connection of traditional full-time work and how social security will be maintained in OECD countries. Many solutions were discussed, my favourite was slightly controversial amongst the group; a global identity number to support people as global citizens.  

To wrap up the afternoon sitting out in the garden I met Maelle and her business partner Virgine from MM Life Design. These inspiring ladies are both mothers who have had long and interesting careers. Their work on emotional intelligence in management and in life coaching for individuals seems to be tremendously fore thinking. I hope to be able to translate Maelle’s research so that I can get an even better understanding of the work these wonderful women do.

For the first day of the conference I feel as though I lived and breather the words, “what can I do? What can we do? What can we do together?”

Gender Equality must include disability

Gender Equality must include disability

During the 63rd Commission of the Status of Women (CSW63) I have been keeping a keen eye open for any themes in relation to interlinking of disability and gender inequality. As the priority theme this year focused on ‘Social protection systems, access to public services and sustainable infrastructure for gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls’ I assumed that disability would be significantly addressed. However, this has not been the case. Upon looking at CSW63’s side events disability only appeared in the title of one event facilitated by a Canadian organisation.  

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From International Law to an Immigrant Farmer: The multilevel approach to addressing violence against women.

Mathew Kennedy, Central Queensland University

On a brisk morning in The Big Apple, Global Voices Scholars made their way to the United Nations Headquarters to begin a once-in-a-life time opportunity to attend the 63rd Commission on the Status of Women (CSW63). Social Protection and the access to public services and sustainable infrastructure for women and girls was the theme for CSW63, which allowed for a diverse range of issues to be discussed within official meetings, side events and NGO parallel events. 

The first side event attended was the ‘The Council of Europe Istanbul Convention: a global instrument for preventing and combating violence against women and girls’. The Istanbul Convention in 2011 became the product of the Council of Europe and has since been ratified by thirty-four European countries. This convention is the first of its kind by holding ratifying states accountable through a comprehensive legal framework to address violence against women. Panelists explained that the convention addresses gender-based violence through prevention, protection and prosecution. A topic of focus was the role of prevention under the convention. It was outlined that 41% of perpetrators of sexual violence against women did so because they were bored and needed something to do.  Statistics such as this demonstrate that the empowerment of women and girls is only the first step in addressing violence against women. The engagement of men and boys through education and counselling attacks this issue at its core by providing a proactive solution.

 ‘Sexual Harassment in the workplace – global perspective’ saw the Australian delegation contribute to the gender-based violence theme. The topic of this side event resulted from an announcement in June 2018 by Kate Jenkins, the Sex Discrimination Commissioner, to commence the National Enquiry into Sexual Harassment within Australian Workplaces conducted by the Australian Human Rights Commission. Kate began the event with the personal story of Ishaani, a Cambodian immigrant worker seeking opportunities as a fruit picker in rural Australia. Ishaani was unfortunately molested by a contractor at the farm she was working on. Due to language and cultural barriers and threats by her perpetrator to get her fired, this behaviour continually until a local workers union became involved. Sexual Harassment in any context has been a taboo topic for far too long and without organisations such as the Australian Human Rights Commission, it can be easy for government to not provide recognition and support to women such as Ishaani.

While reflecting on my time at CSW63, it is inspiring to see women and men from countries all around the world, either sponsored by their respective governments, NGO’s or most importantly by their own funds advocating for gender equality because ‘when we exclude women, everyone pays the price. When we include women, the whole world wins’ – Antonio Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Emerging technology connects and empowers women at UN CSW63

Anna-Grace Milward, University of Sydney Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences

Sitting across from Lydia Cacho in the back seat of a bumpy car ride, I was engrossed in her shocking recount of the violence and intimidation she suffered at the hands of the Mexican Cartels responsible for trafficking tens of thousands of victimised women. Lydia is a journalist, so she is on a mission to tell emotive stories, but the fact that this one was delivered inside a virtual world made it all the more impactful. Just inches away from each other, I truly felt like Lydia was speaking with me, not just to me; It was a shared moment of connection. 

Taking off my ‘Daydream-powered Lenovo Mirage Solo’ (that’s a VR headset for all those who are yet to realise their obsession with emerging tech), I found myself returned to the United Nations Headquarters. Thanks to my participation in the Global Voices Scholarship program, I’ve been privileged to spend the week attending in the 63rd Commission on the Status of Women. Along with a number of exceptional networking events and side panel discussions held by hardworking NGOs who have gathered from across the globe to ensure the most rigorous and impactful policy outcomes for women and girls, I also stumbled across a few Easter Eggs. In gamer terms, an ‘Easter egg’ is an ‘unexpected surprise’, which developers include in the user experience as an added bonus for the player. For example, you might find a hidden level, reward or a power-up. The VR  experience I got to demo, a collaboration between UN Women and Google, was one such hidden treasure. Not only did the VR series, ‘Courage to Question’, help me to connect with the raw emotions I know so many women must feel when speaking about the seemingly endless number of examples in which women continue to endure suffering and oppression, but it affirmed the importance of technology as a powerful tool for change. A tool which can build empathy, encourage new perspectives, educate and enriching connection. These are, after all, some of the many benefits which I believe could be used to support women in Australia,  should my policy recommendation of Mixed Reality labs for women in regional and remote communities, be adopted. 

But while technology can have a really positive impact and is increasingly being centred as the key for accelerating rapid growth in women's access to knowledge, services and enterprise, as the week progressed so too did the discussion around the dark underbelly of the internet and its cyber violence. Internet governance is, at best, underdeveloped, and many of the social realities which oppress women are, as well as being perpetuated online, intensified. Those who gathered at the UN side panel event to discuss how we can build 'safe and empowering spaces for women and girls' identified that women with low digital literacy were particularly vulnerable online, after having very little access to ICTs in their youth. While other women, simply remain disconnected from the world wide web. In a meeting with Natasha de Silva, Senior Policy Executive at the Australian Human Rights Commission, we discussed the need to expand the definition of work so to include work which is done online, in virtual spaces, and thus protect the rights of women who now encounter workplace harassment across 'platforms' rather than 'in person'. 

The digital world is evolving rapidly, but it is not yet inclusive. Both the positive and negative elements of the digital revolution are drastically impacting women's physical and social realities, and certainly require the collective efforts of all those who have gathered at CSW in 2019. At this delegation we have been building a very real and positive connection, and I hope that, with some hard work, we can ensure that this translates into the online experiences of women. Connection is imperative. 

CSW63 Townhall Meeting reveals that gender inequality affects even the event itself

Jayde Frank, Curtin University

The Townhall Meeting of Civil Society and the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, at the 63rd UN Commission on the Status of Women (UNCSW), was perhaps one of the most interesting melting pots of activism and culture I have ever experienced; the pinnacle of inclusivity, respect and tolerance. It is a place that welcomes people from all over the world, regardless of their gender, orientation, education, ethnicity or religion; inviting them to share the issues which face the women and girls of their native countries.

Some delegates are here to represent and lobby for the rights of others such as the women who stood up for the Qatari women who have not been able to see their Saudi Arabian and Bahraini husbands for over three years due to blockade. Other delegates are here to stand up for the rights for themselves and the women in their communities, including the African women who challenged the UN to do more about human trafficking, focusing on the importance of giving women financial and economic power; “women sitting at the table is one of the most important things if we are going to fight”. Despite this statement, and the incredible efforts of the UN to give women a voice to challenge human rights violations when they see them, it is obvious that there is still much more to be done.

Many women every year have their visas into the USA for UNCSW denied, other are given visas only to be refused entry into the country at the airport. Most of these women are from developing countries; women whose livelihoods and hope for freedom and equality depends on their attendance at events like UNCSW where they can directly lobby to the highest UN executives for assistance in creating change. The UN’s Secretary-General Antonio Guterres responded to this challenge, and responds to all other resistance received stating, “power is not given, power is taken – that’s why we need to push back against the push backs”.

The challenges that some women face in trying to attend UNCSW has sparked much discussion over the accessibility of the Commission which, ironically, whilst aiming to capture the voices of all women is held in locations that are financially and politically inaccessible to the women whom inequality effects most severely in the world. Hence, it could be argued that in reality an event which is supposed to give agency to all women to improve their status, actually may be adding to the inequality that the poorest and most vulnerable women experience with regards to gender equity. This is something that will continue to be a challenge in the future, as high level international organisations meet in an aim to create enduring, intergenerational global change; an issue which could possibly be tackled through the use of technological solutions to bring negotiations at UNCSW into the greater public’s view.