The Group of Twenty (G20) was established in 1999 to connect leading industrial and developing economies to discuss key issues affecting the global economy, with the first Leaders’ Summit held in Washington in 2008. The Y20 Youth Summit is a youth-led event bringing together young people from around the G20 to discuss and debate the G20 Leaders’ agenda. The Summit concludes with the drafting of the Y20 Communiqué, which is then presented to the G20 leaders.
Each year, Global Voices selects and supports Australia's official delegation to the Y20.
The G20 Summits are attended by the Head of State and Government of 19 of the world’s leading economies and the EU. Together, the G20 members represent 85% of global GDP, two-thirds of the world’s population and 75% of international trade.
In 2019, the Y20 Youth Summit was held in Tokyo, Japan. As the host nation, Japan focused on international trade and investment, regional strength, innovation and technology, climate and energy, and peace and security. The focus of the Y20 summit was on International Trade, Environment and Business, and the Future of Work.
The Y20 Summit is always busy and Scholars ' daily schedule started early in the morning until late in the evening. In 2019, the Global Voices Scholars participated in various activities including plenary sessions, round table negotiations and workshops. The Summit organisers and the Government of Japan also organised some cultural activities as part of the group's schedule, such as a traditional tea ceremony, karaoke, and an excursion to the historical area of Nikko National Park. The Scholars also had the opportunity to meet with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, where they formally presented him with a copy of the 2019 Youth Communiqué.
Next year’s Y20 Youth Summit will be hosted by Saudi Arabia from 19-21 September 2020, with a meeting location to be determined.